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The U.S. transnational - an oxymoron in a global economy

By Laurie Bennett

July 28, 2013 at 9:02am

Of the top 100 transnational companies, 22 are based in the United States.

The Muckety map above shows the top 12 American firms and some of the countries where they have subsidiaries or properties. (The map is interactive. Right-click and choose the “Information about” option to see other U.S. investors in any country shown.)

Muckety has compiled a database of foreign investments by major U.S. companies, based on a review of State Department documents, Securities and Exchange Commission filings, and annual reports.

These connections, combined with an annual ranking of non-financial corporations by the UN Conference on Trade and Development, illustrate the global nature of large enterprises - no matter where their headquarters may be.

General Electric, No. 1 on the list, has half of its assets and sales abroad. Fifty-six percent of its workforce is outside the U.S.

Exxon Mobil, No. 6, has nearly two-thirds of its holdings in other countries.

Here’s the full list of 100, ranked by foreign assets:


Rank Corporation Home economy Industry
1 General Electric Co United States Electrical & electronic equipment
2 Royal Dutch Shell plc United Kingdom Petroleum expl./ref./distr.
3 BP plc United Kingdom Petroleum expl./ref./distr.
4 Toyota Motor Corporation Japan Motor vehicles
5 Total SA France Petroleum expl./ref./distr.
6 Exxon Mobil Corporation United States Petroleum expl./ref./distr.
7 Vodafone Group Plc United Kingdom Telecommunications
8 GDF Suez France Utilities (Electricity, gas and water)
9 Chevron Corporation United States Petroleum expl./ref./distr.
10 Volkswagen Group Germany Motor vehicles
11 Eni SpA Italy Petroleum expl./ref./distr.
12 Nestlé SA Switzerland Food, beverages and tobacco
13 Enel SpA Italy Electricity, gas and water
14 E.ON AG Germany Utilities (Electricity, gas and water)
15 Anheuser-Busch InBev NV Belgium Food, beverages and tobacco
16 ArcelorMittal Luxembourg Metal and metal products
17 Siemens AG Germany Electrical & electronic equipment
18 Honda Motor Co Ltd Japan Motor vehicles
19 Mitsubishi Corporation Japan Wholesale trade
20 EDF SA France Utilities (Electricity, gas and water)
21 Daimler AG Germany Motor vehicles
22 Deutsche Telekom AG Germany Telecommunications
23 Pfizer Inc United States Pharmaceuticals
24 BMW AG Germany Motor vehicles
25 Telefonica SA Spain Telecommunications
26 Hutchison Whampoa Limited Hong Kong, China Diversified
27 Wal-Mart Stores Inc United States Retail & Trade
28 Iberdrola SA Spain Utilities (Electricity, gas and water)
29 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Japan Motor vehicles
30 Fiat S.p.A. Italy Motor vehicles
31 Sanofi France Pharmaceuticals
32 Xstrata PLC Switzerland Mining & quarrying
33 Ford Motor Company United States Motor vehicles
34 Anglo American plc United Kingdom Mining & quarrying
35 ConocoPhillips United States Petroleum expl./ref./distr.
36 CITIC Group f China Diversified
37 Statoil ASA Norway Petroleum expl./ref./distr.
38 Novartis AG Switzerland Pharmaceuticals
39 General Motors Co United States Motor vehicles
40 Hon Hai Precision Industries Taiwan Province of China Electrical & electronic equipment
41 Rio Tinto PLC United Kingdom Mining & quarrying
42 Procter & Gamble Co United States Diversified
43 BHP Billiton Group Ltd Australia Mining & quarrying
44 RWE AG Germany Utilities (Electricity, gas and water)
45 International Business Machines Corporation United States Electrical & electronic equipment
46 BG Group plc United Kingdom Electricity, gas and water
47 Johnson & Johnson United States Pharmaceuticals
48 SABMiller PLC United Kingdom Food, beverages and tobacco
49 Hewlett-Packard Co United States Electrical & electronic equipment
50 Unilever PLC United Kingdom Diversified
51 BASF SE Germany Chemicals
52 Roche Group Switzerland Pharmaceuticals
53 Vattenfall AB Sweden Electricity, gas and water
54 France Telecom S.A. France Telecommunications
55 Compagnie de Saint-Gobain France Non-metallic mineral products
56 Kraft Foods Inc United States Food, beverages and tobacco
57 Repsol YPF SA Spain Petroleum expl./ref./distr.
58 AP Moller - Maersk A/S Denmark Transport and storage
59 GlaxoSmithKline PLC United Kingdom Pharmaceuticals
60 EADS N.V. France Aircraft
61 Vale SA Brazil Mining & quarrying
62 Barrick Gold Corporation Canada Gold mining
63 Lafarge SA France Non-metallic mineral products
64 Schneider Electric SA France Electricity, gas and water
65 Caterpillar Inc United States Construction
66 United Technologies Corporation United States Aircraft
67 Vivendi SA France Telecommunications
68 British American Tobacco PLC United Kingdom Food, beverages and tobacco
69 Linde AG Germany Chemicals
70 National Grid PLC United Kingdom Utilities (Electricity, gas and water)
71 AstraZeneca PLC United Kingdom Pharmaceuticals
72 Veolia Environnement SA France Utilities (Electricity, gas and water)
73 ABB Ltd. Switzerland Engineerig services
74 China Ocean Shipping China Transport and storage
75 Volvo AB Sweden Motor vehicles
76 Petronas - Petroliam Nasional Malaysia Petroleum expl./ref./distr.
77 Renault SA France Motor vehicles
78 Tesco PLC United Kingdom Retail & Trade
79 Abbott Laboratories United States Pharmaceuticals
80 Schlumberger Ltd United States Other consumer services
81 Liberty Global Inc United States Telecommunications
82 Sony Corporation Japan Electrical & electronic equipment
83 Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Israel Pharmaceuticals
84 Merck & Co United States Pharmaceuticals
85 Marubeni Corporation Japan Wholesale trade
86 Koninklijke Philips Electronics Netherlands Electrical & electronic equipment
87 The Coca-Cola Company United States Food, beverages and tobacco
88 Sumitomo Corporation Japan Wholesale trade
89 WPP PLC United Kingdom Business services
90 Carrefour SA France Retail & Trade
91 Dow Chemical Company United States Chemicals
92 Deutsche Post AG Germany Transport and storage
93 VimpelCom Ltd Russian Federation Telecommunications
94 OMV AG Austria Petroleum expl./ref./distr.
95 América Móvil SAB de CVf Mexico Telecommunications
96 ITOCHU Corporation Japan Wholesale trade
97 TeliaSonera AB Sweden Telecommunications
98 Cemex S.A.B. de C.V. Mexico Non-metalic mineral products
99 Pernod-Ricard SA France Food, beverages and tobacco
100 Alcoa Inc United States Metal and metal products

Related post: Washington’s foreign lobby - once removed

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The relationship map to the left is interactive.
• Solid lines are current relations. Dotted lines are former relations.
• Expand items with + signs by double-clicking or by selecting multiple items in the map and pressing the "e" key.
• Move an item in the map by clicking and dragging.
• You can also delete items, separate boxes and save maps. Right-click on the map or select Map Tools for these options.
• Find out more about an item in the map by right-clicking on the item and choosing Information about...
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• This interactive map requires Flash player.


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